FM/CFS/ME RESOURCES - Drug Database - Triazolam

 

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Drug Database - Triazolam Triazolam 0.25 mg. tablet

Generic Name: triazolam (trye-AY-zoe-lam)

Brand Names: Halcion®

Classification: Benzodiazepines

Issue Date: 1991

Triazolam is in a group of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peens). Triazolam affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause sleep problems (insomnia). Triazolam is used to treat insomnia symptoms, such as trouble falling or staying asleep.

  • Before Using This Medicine
  • How To Use This Medicine
  • Precautions While on this Medicine
  • Side Effects
  • If You Miss A Dose
  • Drug Interactions
  • Divider
    Before Using This Medicine

    Do not use this medication if you are allergic to triazolam or to other benzodiazepines, such as:

    • alprazolam (Xanax®)
    • chlordiazepoxide (Librium®)
    • clorazepate (Tranxene®)
    • diazepam (Valium®)
    • lorazepam (Ativan®)

    This medication can CAUSE BIRTH DEFECTS in an unborn baby, or withdrawal symptoms in a newborn. Do not use triazolam if you are pregnant.

    Before taking triazolam, tell your doctor if you have:

    • breathing problems
    • glaucoma
    • kidney or liver disease
    • myasthenia gravis
    • a history of depression, suicidal thoughts
    • addiction to drugs or alcohol

    Take triazolam only when you are getting ready for several hours of sleep. You may fall asleep very quickly after taking the medicine. Do not drink alcohol while taking triazolam. It can increase some of the side effects, and could possibly cause a fatal overdose.

    Avoid using other medicines that make you sleepy. They can add to sleepiness caused by triazolam.

    Triazolam may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person it was prescribed for. Triazolam should never be given to another person, especially someone who has a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a secure place where others cannot get to it. Triazolam should be used for only a short time to treat insomnia. After 7 to 10 nights of use, talk with your doctor about whether or not you should keep taking triazolam.

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    How To Use This Medicine

    Take this medication exactly as it was prescribed for you. Do not take the medication in larger amounts, or take it for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

    Take triazolam only when you are getting ready for several hours of sleep. You may fall asleep very quickly after taking the medicine. Contact your doctor if this medicine seems to stop working as well in helping you fall asleep and stay asleep. Triazolam should be used for only a short time to treat insomnia. After 7 to 10 nights of use, talk with your doctor about whether or not you should keep taking triazolam. Do not take this medication for longer than 4 weeks without your doctors advice.

    Your insomnia symptoms may return when you stop using triazolam after using it over a long period of time. You may need to use less and less before you stop the medication completely.

    Triazolam may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person it was prescribed for. Triazolam should never be given to another person, especially someone who has a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a secure place where others cannot get to it. Store triazolam at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

    Keep track of how many tablets have been used from each new bottle of this medicine. Benzodiazepines are drugs of abuse and you should be aware if any person in the household is using this medicine improperly or without a prescription.

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    Precautions While on this Medicine

    Do not use this medication if you are allergic to triazolam or to other benzodiazepines, such as:

    • alprazolam (Xanax®)
    • chlordiazepoxide (Librium®)
    • clorazepate (Tranxene®)
    • diazepam (Valium®)
    • lorazepam (Ativan®)

    Before taking triazolam, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs, or if you have:

    • asthma
    • emphysema
    • bronchitis
    • chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD)
    • glaucoma
    • kidney or liver disease
    • myasthenia gravis
    • history of depression or suicidal thoughts or behavior
    • history of drug or alcohol addiction

    If you have any of these conditions, you may not be able to use triazolam, or you may need a dosage adjustment or special tests during treatment.

    Triazolam CAN CAUSE BIRTH DEFECTS in an unborn baby. It may also cause addiction or withdrawal symptoms in a newborn if the mother takes triazolam late in pregnancy. Do not use triazolam if you are pregnant. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant during treatment. Use an effective form of birth control while you are using this medication. Triazolam may pass into breast milk and could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

    The sedative effects of triazolam may last longer in older adults. Accidental falls are common in elderly patients who take benzodiazepines. Use caution to avoid falling or accidental injury while you are taking triazolam. Do not give this medication to anyone under 18 years old.

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    If You Miss A Dose

    Since triazolam is taken as needed, you are not likely to be on a dosing schedule. Take triazolam only when you have time for several hours of sleep.

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    Side Effects

    Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction:

    • skin rash or hives
    • difficulty breathing
    • swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat

    Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

    • weak or shallow breathing
    • fast or pounding heartbeats
    • confusion
    • slurred speech
    • unusual thoughts or behavior
    • hallucinations
    • agitation, aggression
    • thoughts of suicide or hurting yourself
    • restless muscle movements in your eyes, tongue, jaw, or neck
    • pale skin, easy bruising or bleeding, unusual weakness
    • fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms
    • problems with urination
    • nausea, stomach pain
    • low fever
    • loss of appetite
    • dark urine
    • clay-colored stools
    • jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes)

    Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue to take the medication and talk to your doctor if you experience:

    • daytime drowsiness (or during hours when you are not normally sleeping)
    • amnesia or forgetfulness
    • muscle weakness
    • lack of balance or coordination
    • numbness
    • burning, pain, or tingly feeling
    • headache
    • blurred vision
    • depressed mood
    • feeling nervous, excited, or irritable
    • nausea, vomiting, stomach discomfort
    • dry mouth, increased thirst

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    Drug Interactions

    Before taking triazolam, tell your doctor if you are using any of the following:

    • birth control pills
    • cyclosporine (Gengraf®, Neoral®, Sandimmune®)
    • grapefruit juice
    • ranitidine (Zantac®)
    • isoniazid, itraconazole (Sporanox®)
    • ketoconazole (Nizoral®)
    • fluvoxamine (Luvox®)
    • nefazodone (Serzone®)
    • paroxetine (Paxil®)
    • sertraline (Zoloft®)
    • ergotamine (Ergomar®, Ergostat®, Cafergot®, Ercaf®, Wigraine®)
    • amiodarone (Cordarone®, Pacerone®)
    • diltiazem (Cardizem®, Tartia®, Tiazac®)
    • nicardipine (Cardene®)
    • nifedipine (Procardia®, Adalat®)
    • verapamil (Calan®, Covera®)

    If you are using any of these drugs, you may not be able to use triazolam, or you may need dosage adjustments or special tests during treatment.

    There may be other drugs not listed that can affect triazolam. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.

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