First Steps After Fibromyalgia Diagnosis
The days and weeks after you're first diagnosed with fibromyalgia can be a whirlwind of
emotions. You may feel anxious about what's to come, angry that you have a chronic
illness, sad that your lifestyle might have to change, or even happy to finally have a
diagnosis! Here are some things you can do to feel more prepared and supported.
Coordinate Your Health Care Team
Chances are you'll have multiple health care providers (HCPs), possibly working at
separate facilities, treating your fibromyalgia. These can include a primary care doctor,
rheumatologist/neurologist, pain care specialist (i.e., anesthesiologist, physical
medicine specialist), psychologist and physical therapist, some of whom you may see more
often than others. Coordinating with your health care team may help ensure you get the
Make a contact list of all your HCPs to distribute to each of them, and request that they
coordinate with each other on your care and share information as needed. Take the time to
connect using email if possible, phone if necessary, whatever it takes to keep your team
informed and united.
Consider A "Whole Patient" Approach
Fibromyalgia will likely affect many areas of your life, and unfortunately there's no "one
thing" that will make you feel better. Many experts agree that a "whole patient" approach,
one that encompasses mind, body and environment is the best way to treat and manage the
A "whole patient" approach usually encompasses many areas of influence and types of
treatment. Your HCPs may work to help you:
- Develop an exercise routine
- Teach you meditation, visualization or other relaxation techniques
- Craft a healthy diet
- Find a balance of appropriate medications and/or supplements
- Use massage or physical therapy to help with your pain and mobility
- And much more!
Adopt Pain Management Strategies
There are many approaches to pain management. Your HCP will likely review several
different options with you as you work together to find a combination that gives you
support and relief. While many pain management strategies may start with medication, they
may expand to include other approaches such as relaxation techniques. For example,
relaxation training with biofeedback techniques can teach you to identify pain centers and
neutralize them with techniques like deep breathing, visualization or meditation.
Conventional treatments such as heating pads and cold packs, as well as warm baths, can
help relax both your mind and your body while reducing pain.
How to Select a Support Group
Support groups are not appropriate for everyone, and some Fibromyalgia and CFSME
patients may find that a support group actually adds to their stress rather than
relieving it. Most support groups are free, collect voluntary donations, or charge
modest membership dues to cover basic expenses (e.g. refreshments at meetings
or photocopying costs).
A useful support group should include:
Both newcomers and patients who have had CFS for longer periods of time to provide
a balance of perspectives for the group.
People with whom the CFS patient feels comfortable.
Leaders who empathize, gently draw out shy members, and keep others from dominating,
and who distill discussion into useful information.
A history indicating the group is stable and meeting the needs of its members.
Some support groups may put their own interests before those of the individual
patient. Groups that engage in any of the following activities should be avoided:
- Promise sure cures and quick solutions.
- Conduct meetings that are mainly "gripe" sessions.
- Insist that patients reveal private or sensitive information.
- Demand allegiance to a cult-like, charismatic leader.
- Charge high fees.
- Require patients to purchase products.
- Urge patients to stop prescribed treatment and recommend a single solution to
Learn About Medications
While complementary therapies may offer relief, there are also medications available to
treat fibromyalgia. In recent years, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has
approved three medications specifically for the management of fibromyalgia:
Your HCP may also suggest other medication options to help manage pain and address any
additional issues you may experience.
If you're juggling a variety of medications, you can use tools like daily/weekly pill
organizers, or high-tech tools, to stay organized and ensure you're taking medications
correctly. Our Drug
Database will give you in-depth information about medications used in the treatment of
Fibromyalgia and/or CFS/ME.
Ease Into Exercise
If you're exhausted and hurting, it may be hard to get excited about exercising or any
physical activity. You might be surprised to learn, however, that many HCPs recommend
low-impact exercises like gentle swimming, walking, cycling, and tai chi to help ease pain
and fatigue - and this can also help to raise your spirits. Stretching can help keep you
limber. It's important to remember that easing into exercise may have ups, downs and
plateaus, so cut yourself some slack. And, be sure to discuss any exercise goals with your
HCP before starting.
Keep Thorough Medical Records
Maintaining accurate, organized medical records can play a big role in minimizing the
stress that can come with a chronic illness. Organized records will make it easier to
speak with your insurance company or Medicare/Medicaid; help you remember what treatments
you received, and when; and enable you to chart your long-term progress.
So dig out that shoebox of paperwork from under your bed and start organizing! You may
choose to sort your records by service date, HCP or facility location; some people prefer
paper, while others like to create accompanying digital records (like spreadsheets) to
track expenses. Determine the system that best fits your personal style and stick with it.
Manage Personal Relationships
Fibromyalgia can have a significant impact on your personal relationships with family and
friends. You need a good support system, a team to cheer you on when things are tough and
to keep your attitude positive.
Just like other big life events, diagnosis with a chronic illness like fibromyalgia may
bring out the best, and worst, in the people around you. As you share your experience with
friends and family, take the time to strengthen bonds with those who show empathy and
patience...and don't be afraid to build healthy boundaries that protect you from those who
don't respect your experience and needs. Over time you'll create a team that motivates and
supports you, through good times and bad.
A chronic pain condition can be a struggle to manage. But, in so many ways, the outlook
for people with fibromyalgia has never been better. Today, experts understand better how
to diagnose, treat, and manage fibromyalgia symptoms. Together, you and your health care
team can develop a strategy that works best for you.
The health information contained herein is provided for educational purposes only and is
not intended to replace discussions with a health care provider. All decisions regarding
patient care must be made with a health care provider, considering the unique
characteristics of the patient.